Eastern Red Cedar – Juniperus Virginiana
The Eastern red cedar is a small conifer, growing up to a maximum height of 10 meters. It is a pretty tree, with a sculpted look, native to the Ottawa Valley area at the northern extreme of its range, and to the Brockville-Kingston corridor. Red cedar is often found growing in dry sandy or rocky soils. It can form a strong deep root on deep soil. The bark of older trees has a thin shredded look. The trees are slow growing and are long-lived. The wood is fairly dark and fragrant, but red cedar is not a true cedar. The hard blue berries have a dusty whitish powder, and are eaten by many songbird species, including cedar waxwings.
Eastern White Cedar – Thuja Occidentalis
White Cedar is a slow-growing tree that reaches up to 15 meters in height, and can live several hundred years. It is often thought of only as a hedging material, for which it is very adaptable. But when it is given sufficient room to grow as an individual specimen, it has a pleasing shape.
Cedar has many uses and benefits. The wood is valuable as it resists decay. It makes an excellent windbreak and deer often take shelter in cedar stands. It is found in pure stands, or with eastern hemlock, or among other trees.
Many species of birds eat the small seeds over the winter.